The Haole-American Revolution
“Instead of your shame you will…inherit a double portion in their land…” Isaiah 61:7
Whales brought white men to Hawai’i in the late 18th century, and with whaling, disease and missionaries alit.
The evangelists consecrated cemeteries that the diseases filled. Just one quarter of Hawai’ians survived the unintentional germ warfare.
Whaling, too, expired in that time; the south sea fishery gave way to commercial oil fields in Pennsylvania.
Whalers left, but white missionaries stayed to convert Christians — then cane, coffee and capitalism.
Mission schools taught republicanism and writing. King Kamehameha III joined them with the Constitution of 1840, forfeiting absolute rule.
In 1848, the Great Mahele introduced land rights to compliment the new constitutional monarchy, but plots soon passed from native hands.
The California Gold Rush created a luxury market for Hawai’ian sugar, met by white capitalists acquiring native land.
The children of missionaries became a planter class, as their religious compounds transitioned to sugar plantations.
Workers from Asia and other Pacific locales replenished the agricultural labor supply to serve now-native born whites.
By the 1890’s, immigrants would outnumber native Hawai’ians 4:1, but the election of King Kalakaua brought a cultural resurgence first.
A new palace replaced grass huts and a wooden ceremonial hall during the renaissance, but the monarchy was made of lesser bricks.
Economic power and the rule of law allowed white businessmen a path to oligarchy. The Big Five sugar companies dominated with dollars.
The Hawai’ian League — a secret organization of haole (white residents) — formed a militia to supplement that economic power with force.
Under duress then, the king signed a “Bayonet Constitution” (1887), disenfranchising Asians and poor Hawai’ians via voting requirements.
A new queen replaced the last king; briefly did she reign, her constitutional reformation cut short through occupation by US Marines.
Forced to choose between her people’s rights and their blood, Queen Lili’oukalani surrendered her throne to haole with guns.
From ‘Iolani Palace, President of the new “republic” Sanford Dole (a missionary’s son) governed, with the queen imprisoned upstairs.
It has been 172 years since the father brought the Gospel, and 120 + 1 day since the son, an American Revolution.